APA Manual 6 edition

Citing Your Sources

A number of citation styles or formats have evolved to permit the sharing of ideas while giving credit to their creators. Each citation style includes the same basic information, but the elements are organized differently; which style you use depends upon the subject area of your courses or research.

At the Mandel School, we use the American Psychological Association (APA) style, which is most commonly used in social work and the other social sciences. The official guide on APA style is the 6th edition of The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, and copies are available at the Harris Library.

Other styles you might be familiar with are MLA (Modern Language Association) style, which is often used in the humanities, or Turabian.

APA Help

The primary purpose of this tutorial is to teach you how to recognize different types of citations in APA Style, for example distinguishing between journal article and book chapter citations. If you need more in-depth assistance, the following resources should be very helpful in addition to The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association:

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