APA Manual 6 edition

Parts of a Citation

As you do your research, keep a list of your sources (books, periodicals, and websites). Below are examples of citations presented in APA style. The list is not comprehensive, but its purpose is to help you identify basic APA citations. Each type of citation breaks down its required elements. Looking for these elements in a citation can help you identify the same type of source even if it’s in a different citation style:
 

For a book:

Fisher, A. Q., & Rivas, M. E. (2001). Finding fish : A memoir. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
 

Required elements for book citations

  • Author(s) – Fisher, A. Q., & Rivas, M. E.
  • Publication date – 2001
  • Book Title – Finding fish : A memoir
  • Place of Publication – New York, NY
  • Publisher – HarperCollins

 

For a chapter in a book:

Walsh, F. (2003). Changing families in a changing world: Reconstructing family normality. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Normal family processes: Growing diversity and complexity (3rd ed., pp. 3-26). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
 

Required elements for book chapter citations

  • Author(s) – Walsh, F.
  • Publication date – 2003
  • Chapter Title – Changing families in a changing world: Reconstructing family normality
  • Editor (Ed.) – F. Walsh
  • Book Title – Normal family processes: Growing diversity and complexity
  • Edition – 3rd
  • Pages (pp.) – 3-26
  • Place of Publication – New York, NY
  • Publisher – Guilford Press

 

For a journal article:

Ajdukovic, M., & Ajdukovic, D. (1993). Psychological well-being of refugee children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17(6), 843-854.
 

Required elements for journal articles

  • Author(s) – Ajdukovic, M., & Ajdukovic, D.
  • Publication date – 1993
  • Article Title – Psychological well-being of refugee children
  • Journal Title – Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Journal volume – 17
  • Journal issue – (6)
  • Pages – 843-854

 

For webpages:

Ohio Legal Services. (n.d.). Domestic violence: Definitions of protection orders and legal terms. Retrieved from http://www.ohiolegalservices.org/public/domestic-violence/case-summaries/legal_problem/domestic-violence/domestic-violence/definition-of-protection-orders/qandact_view
 

Required elements for webpages

  • Author(s) – Ohio Legal Services (this is an example of a corporate author instead of an individual one)
  • Publication date – n.d. (means “no date” – used when the last revision date can’t be determined; otherwise use the year of last revision)
  • Webpage – Domestic violence: Definitions of protection orders and legal terms
  • URL (web address) – http://www.ohiolegalservices.org/public….

 

For an electronic journal article:

Deacon, B. (2005). From ‘Safety nets’ back to ‘Universal social provision’. Global Social Policy, 5(1), 19-28. doi:10.1177/1468018105050118
 

Required elements for electronic journal articles

  • Author(s) – Deacon, B.
  • Publication date – 2005
  • Article Title – From ‘Safety nets’ back to ‘Universal social provision’
  • Journal Title – Global Social Policy
  • Journal volume – 5
  • Journal issue – (1)
  • Pages – 19-28
  • Digital Object Identifier (DOI) – doi:10.1177/1468018105050118

As of July 2008, the American Psychological Association requires scholars to document the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in the citation of electronic articles. The DOI has a unique code comprised of letters and numbers, which will allow researchers to obtain more information about an article even if the URL is out-of-date.

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