Daniel Flannery, PhD

Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Professor
Director of Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education

PhD, The Ohio State University

Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel
School of Applied Social Sciences
Case Western Reserve University
10900 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44106-7164


Daniel Flannery is the Dr. Semi J. and Ruth Begun Professor and Director of the Begun Center for Violence PreventionResearch and Education at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences (MSASS) at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU). His primary areas of research are in youth violence prevention, the link between violence and mental health, and program evaluation.
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The Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education

DANIEL J. FLANNERY, Ph.D is Director of the Begun Center. He has written articles for The New England Journal of Medicine and for Developmental Psychology and has published several books discussing topics such as school violence, violence and mental health, and violent behavior and aggression. His most recent book, Wanted on Warrants: The Fugitive Safe Surrender Program, chronicles Dan’s involvement in the United State Marshal’s Fugitive Safe Surrender Program. | Read More |beguncenterweb
The Dr. Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Educationis a research center in the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University. The Begun Center has a long record of applied community-based research, training, advocacy, and technical assistance over the past two decades.The Begun Center’s professional staff of 25 social scientists, some with a master’s degree, other with a Ph.D. in a wide range of disciplines including psychology, education, social work, sociology, anthropology, and criminal justice, includes nationally recognized scholars whose publications are well cited in research on exposure to violence, mental health, youth gangs, correctional management, and organizational culture. These researchers have experience in county, state, and federally funded research and evaluation projects, including large-scale multi-state and multi-county designs.

Flannery, D.J. (In press).  Wanted on Warrants: The Fugitive Safe Surrender Program.  Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.

Brunell, A., Davis, M., Schley, D., Eng, A., Van Dulmen, M., Wester, K., & Flannery, D. (In press).  A new measure of interpersonal exploitativeness.  Frontiers in Personality Science and Individual Differences.

Baughman, M., Hussey, D., Flannery, D., & Jefferis, E. (In press). Adolescent delinquency and violent behavior.  In T. Gullotta & G. Adams, Eds., Handbook of Adolescent Behavioral Problems: Evidence-based approaches to prevention and treatment.  New York: Springer.

Kretschmar, J., Butcher, F., & Flannery, D. (In press).  Aspects of bullying and its relationship to suicide.  In Van Dulmen, M., Bossarte, R. & Swahn, M. (Eds.),  Developmental and Public Health  Perspectives on Suicide Prevention:  An Integrated Approach.  SkiKnow Press.

Mata, A., van Dulmen, M., Schinka, K., Swahn, M., Bossarte, R., & Flannery, D.J., (in press).  Extracurricular activity involvement is associated with adolescent suicidality through school belongingness.  Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies.

Flannery, D.J., van Dulmen, M.H., & Mata, A. (in press).  Developmental trajectories of exposure to violence.  In M.J. Delisi & K. Beaver (Eds.),  The life-Course of Antisocial Behavior:  Aggression to Delinquency to Crime.  Boston, MA:  Jones & Bartlett.

Flannery, D.J., Modzeleski, W., & Kretschmar, J. (2013).  Violence and school shootings. Invited Paper. Current Psychiatry Reports, 15, 331-337.

Kretschmar, J.M., Butcher, F., & Flannery, D. (2013).  An evaluation of the behavioral health/juvenile justice initiative.  Behavioral Health in Ohio—Current Research Trends1(2), 18-30.

Flannery, D.J., & Kretschmar, J. (2012).  Overview of Fugitive Safe Surrender:   Program description,  initial findings, and policy implications.  Criminology and Public Policy, 11, 433-435.

Flannery, D.J., & Kretschmar, J. (2012).  Fugitive Safe Surrender:  Program description, initial findings, and policy implications.  Criminology and Public Policy, 11, 437-459.

Kretschmar, J., & Flannery, D. J. (2011). Displacement and suicide risk for juvenile justice-involved youth with mental health issues. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 40, 797–806.

Flannery, D., van Dulmen, M. H., & Mata, A. (2010). Developmental trajectories of exposure to violence. In M.J. Delisi & K. Beaver (Eds.), Criminological theory: A life-course approach. Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Fleisher, M. S., & Flannery, D. J. (2010). Harm reduction strategies within multi-cultural schools. In S. Uludag, C. Dogutas, O. Dolu, & H. Burker (Eds.), Children at risk and in need of protection: Safe schools (pp. 205–224). Anakara, Turkey: TBMM Basimevi.

Listwan, S. J., Colvin, M., Hanley, D., & Flannery, D. J. (2010). Victimization, social support, and psychological well-being: A study of recently released prisoners. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 1140–1159.

Seck, M., Singer, M., & Flannery, D. J. (2010). Psychological and social characteristics of juvenile offenders with serious mental and behavioral disorders. Corrections Compendium, 35(1),1–7.

Flannery, D., Singer, M., van Dulmen, M., Kretschmar, J., & Belliston, L. (2009). Exposure to violence: Mental health and violent behavior. In. D. Flannery, A. Vazsonyi, & I. Waldman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Violent Behavior & Aggression (pp. 306–321). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Van Dulmen, M., Goncy, E., Vest, A. & Flannery, D., (2009). Group-Based Trajectory Modeling of Externalizing Behavior Problems from Childhood through Adulthood:  Exploring Discrepancies in the Empirical Findings.  In J. Savage (Ed.), The Development of Persistent Criminality (pp. 288–314). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

helpWanted on Warrants: The Fugitive Safe Surrender Program
Since 2005, the Fugitive Safe Surrender (FSS) program has been implemented in more than twenty cities around the country. Tens of thousands of individuals with active warrants for their arrest have voluntarily surrendered to law enforcement in a church or other neutral setting. The sites are transformed for four days into complete justice systems with pretrial-intake, prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, and probation/parole and community services staff. Author Daniel J. Flannery has gathered information on who turns themselves in, what the warrant is for, how long the warrant has been active, and what happens to the individual. This collaborative initiative between local and federal law enforcement and community faith-based organizations is unique and has proven to be a successful program that is being copied and initiated throughout the country. ‘Wanted on Warrants’ offers valuable insights into what happens during and after an FSS program and will be welcomed by policymakers and practitioners. | Learn More |

helpThe Cambridge Handbook of Violent Behavior and Aggression
This Handbook provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary examination of the most current research and thinking about the complex issue of violence and violent behavior. The volume examines a range of theoretical, policy, and research issues and provides a comprehensive overview of aggressive and violent behavior. The Handbook also examines violence at multiple levels: individual, family, neighborhood, and cultural, and across multiple perspectives and systems, including treatment, justice, education, and public health. The Handbook represents the most current and up-to-date research from leading experts around the world. | Learn More |


helpViolence and Mental Health in Everyday Life
Clinical psychologist Daniel J. Flannery reveals the impact of violence and victimization in the lives of children and adolescents from a developmental perspective. His case studies show the significance of these mental health issues for the individual, family, neighborhood, and community. He offers lists of professional networks and support, including web sites and readings related to violence and mental health, creating a valuable resource for parents, teachers, social workers, childcare workers, public health officials, police officers and others who interact every day with young people, to help them understand more about child development and how experiences with violence can affect development and daily life. | Learn More |

helpYouth Violence: Prevention, Intervention, and Social Policy
Scholars, public officials, and reporters have described the violence of this decade as epidemic as the homicide rate has doubled for adolescents between 1984 and 1994. Current policy to combat youth violence is primarily reactive, focusing on increased punishments and spending millions of dollars each year on incarceration. Providing the latest research on effective prevention and intervention strategies for reducing youth violence, ‘Youth Violence: Prevention, Intervention, and Social Policy’ is a comprehensive resource for dealing with both perpetrators and victims of violence and understanding the risk factors facing youth. It covers results from tested prevention and intervention programs including practical descriptions, core components for success, evaluation findings, costs, and lessons learned from actual implementations. It also covers intervention techniques that teach pro-social behavior to anti-social youth as well as psychopharmacological and neurobiological issues in the treatment of violent youth. It also provides an extensive reference list of over 700 publications and studies, a practical volume with wide audience appeal, including sociologists, criminologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, educators, counselors, and nurses. | Learn More |

White House Summit | “Taking Action: Creating Model Emergency Management Plans for Schools, Institutions of Higher Education and Houses of Worship”

Participated in a panel discussion for Institutions of Higher Education moderated by FBI Executive Assistant Director Richard McFeely. The other two panels were Schools, moderated by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, and Houses of Worship, moderated by then Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano. | Learn More |

Clackamas County Sheriff’s Office | “No More Massacres: How to Prevent School-Based Violence”

In this special two-day seminar – presented by the Clackamas County Sheriff’s Office in Oregon City, Oregon – Dan focused on community-based violence prevention for school administrators, first responders, mental-health personnel, social workers. and juvenile and corrections staffers. | Learn More |

Big Beaver Falls High School | “Sensible Solutions: A One-Day School Violence Seminar”

Dan participates in a one-day seminar this October which includes leaders of Sandy Hook Promise, two of whom tragically lost children in a classroom, as well as other dedicated experts who conducted and continue to research realistic solutions to the serious problem of violence. | Learn More |

Defending Childhood Initiative
Children’s exposure to violence, whether as victims or as witnesses, is often associated with long-term physical, psychological, and emotional harm. Children exposed to violence are also at a higher risk of engaging in criminal behavior later in life and becoming part of a cycle of violence. In 2010, United States Attorney General Eric Holder launched the Defending Childhood Initiative to address the exposure of America’s children to violence as victims and as witnesses. The Begun Center serves as the evaluation partner for the Cuyahoga County Defending Childhood project. Evaluation activities include identification of appropriate assessment instruments, analysis of screening and pre/post test data for youth receiving trauma-informed care, evaluation of training sessions held for the child-serving agencies in the area, and possible assessment of the effectiveness of a community awareness campaign.
| View Full Project Overview |

Fugitive Safe Surrender (FSS)
The Fugitive Safe Surrender (FSS) program is a unique, creative, and highly successful initiative that encourages persons wanted for non-violent felony or misdemeanor crimes to voluntarily surrender to the law in a faith-based or other neutral setting. The program was originally managed nationally by the United States Marshals Service and is currently funded and managed through Ohio’s Attorney General’s Office. FSS is a community re-entry program for wanted non-violent offenders and offers individuals with felony and misdemeanor warrants the ability to turn themselves in to law enforcement and have their cases adjudicated in a safe and non-violent environment. The goal of Fugitive Safe Surrender is to reduce the risk to law enforcement officers who pursue fugitives, to the neighborhoods in which they hide, and to the fugitives themselves. Authorized by Congress in July 2006, Fugitive Safe Surrender is believed to be the first program of its kind in the nation. The Begun Center provides evaluation services for the FSS program and has been onsite at over 20 FSS operations since 2006. | View Full Project Overview |

In the News

Begun Center Awarded $465,000 as Evaluator for Sexual Assault Kit Task Force

Oct 5 2015

The United States Department of Justice announced that the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor’s Office and its partners will receive nearly $2 million over the next three years to accelerate the work of bringing rapists to justice, assisting the survivors of those crimes and changing the culture of law enforcement here and throughout the country when it comes to investigating sexual assaults.
Cuyahoga County SAKs Task Force
Listen to Rachel Lovell explain the SAK initiative on WKSU’s Morning Edition

As part of this initiative, the Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at the Mandel School has been awarded a three-year, $465,000 grant to analyze Ohio’s procedures for alleviating the backlog of Sexual Assault Kits. The CWRU team is using data compiled by the task force to understand what led to the backlog of kits and to provide recommendations, best practices and training to prevent it from happening again.

The Begun research team, consisting of Rachel Lovell, Fred Butcher, Laura T. Overman, and Tiffany Walker, will be conducting a mixed-method process evaluation of all aspects of the investigation, victim advocacy, and prosecution of the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) cases. Cuyahoga County SAKs Task Force

“Cuyahoga County is probably further along, if not the most successful city in the United States in prosecuting these unsubmitted Sexual Assault Kits,” says Dr. Lovell, a Senior Research Associate at the Center. “But they have yet to assess the process — what works, what doesn’t work, what about the process caused and could prevent future backlogs. From our research and evaluation, we will develop a white paper or a series of papers and training materials that will be used as a best practices for Cleveland to refine their process, as well as for other cities that are just starting to test the SAKs.”

“We will also expand on our current efforts to code the SAK cases now to see what information should investigators collect to identify patterns, solve cases, and support successful prosecution earlier,” Rachel says. “Coding cases in order to see what factors affect prosecutorial outcomes. What kinds of cases drop off at certain points? In an effort to improve successful investigation and prosecution of sexual assault that also adequately support and respect victims.”

| Read Full Story |

Dan Flannery Presents at Pediatric Innovation Summit

Jun 10 2015

BCleve-Clinic-Ped-Innovation-Summit-News-Image-Boxegun Director to speak as part of the Global Center for Health Innovationat the Cleveland Convention Center; also appointed to panel on bullying prevention for the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences

Begun Center director, Daniel Flannery, Ph.D, will be presenting in June as part of a panel for the Cleveland Clinic Children’s Pediatric Innovation Summit, an evidence-based review and update of topics in pediatric care recently impacted by new data, screening tools, and/or treatments.

Dr. Flannery has also been appointed to a panel on bullying prevention for the Institute of Medicine/National Academy of Sciences, an 18-month study that will see the publication of a final report.

THE SUMMIT, held on June 11-13, will focus on the most important clinical practice innovations in the past year with sessions focused on a review of the medical literature and an immunization update. Other related topics include clinical practice updates in diagnosis and management of neonatal conditions, puberty, common urologic problems, dermatology, ophthalmology, and care of the medically complex child. The Summit will also highlight, through the panel discussion, the future of pediatric health care

The summit is designed for health care providers looking for an in-depth analysis of the crucial data and clinical practice implications by the top experts in their fields. The summit is intended to educate physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, advanced practice nurses, physician assistants, and other allied health professionals in cardiology, pediatrics, family medicine, psychology, and psychiatry. Family members and patients living with autism and ADHD will also find the Saturday symposium to be informative and provide opportunities to clarify management and treatments regarding patient care.

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Researchers propose new streamlined way to analyze TSCC and trauma in children

Jun 5 2015


The 54-question Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) has been used for decades to test how trauma affects youth in hopes of developing the best treatment and support possible. But interpreting the results can be labor intensive and difficult because the work is done manually and involves a complex matrix from which to draw conclusions.

Now, a social work research team at the Mandel School led by Fredrick Butcher, PhD, (left) a research associate at the Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education, has proposed and tested an alternative method to use the TSCC in assessing trauma in children—especially those in the juvenile justice system.

Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc. developed the tool and trauma-related questions in 1996. It’s been used around the U.S. and in countries like Sweden and China. The new methods change neither the tool itself nor the questions involved, but rather how workers assess and, ultimately, apply the results.

“Ultimately, it is all about whether the tool is easy to interpret,” Butcher said. “Some kids may have issues in several areas, but when you examine them together, you get a better sense of the severity of the issues they are having.”

Butcher and his team focused on how six mental health factors associated with a child’s trauma (anxiety, anger, dissociation, depression, sexual concerns and posttraumatic stress) were linked and scored.

The Begun Center research team analyzed TSCC test results from 2006 to 2013 for 2,268 children, age 8 to 17, in an Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice program that diverts young people from incarceration to community-based agencies to work on behavioral, substance abuse and mental health problems. Each child was assessed, as part of their intake into the program so that treatment can be targeted to their behavioral health needs, Butcher said.

The researchers found that traditional TSCC scoring worked to assess their trauma. But when looking at the total score alone, Butcher said a “muddied” picture emerged—one that didn’t provide enough details for appropriately assessing youth and targeting treatment.

Instead, Butcher and his team found that grouping the factors into two areas—one for anxiety, dissociation and post-traumatic stress and the other for anger and depression—made analyzing the results easier and more accurate.

Social workers were given options on how to score the tests, from using a child’s total score to tallying anger and depression responses for one score and anxiety, post-traumatic stress and dissociation responses for another.

Reducing scoring to two groups, Butcher said, can lighten the work burden on social workers and still provide enough useful information to design treatment programs.

“The alternative two-scale solution is not necessarily faster to score,” he said, “but it is much easier to interpret.”

The next step is to test this approach more broadly and determine how the results align with outcomes – both in terms of the accuracy of assessments, and the influence of treatment plans developed from them.

A description of how the new scoring works is detailed in the summer issue of Journal of Society for Social Work and Research’s article, “Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children in an At-Risk Sample of Youth.”

The study was supported with a grant from the Ohio Department of Youth Services and the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (4AS3190) to Jeffrey M. Kretschmar, PhD, a contributor to the project who is a research assistant professor at the Mandel School and a Senior Research Associate at the Begun Center.

Daniel J. Flannery, the Dr. Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Professor at the Mandel School and director of the Begun Center, and Mark I. Singer, the Leonard W. Mayo Professor of Family and Child Welfare and deputy director of the Begun Center, also contributed to the research.