Lillian F. Harris Professor of Urban Research & Social Change
Distinguished University Professor, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University
PhD, Case Western Reserve University
MSW, Ohio State University
BA, Ohio Wesleyan University
|Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel
School of Applied Social Sciences
Case Western Reserve University
10900 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44106-7164
|Claudia Coulton is Distinguished University Professor and the Lillian F. Harris Professor of Urban Social Research, Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University. She is also founder and Co-Director of the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development. She is the author of over 150 journal articles, book chapters and policy reports and is a frequent presenter at national conferences. Her contributions to the field have been recognized with a number of awards including induction into the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare. Read full biographical sketch.
- Introduction to Social Research
- Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation
The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development
|Claudia J. Coulton, Ph.D is founder and Co-Director of the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development.The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development seeks to address the problems of persistent and concentrated urban poverty and is dedicated to understanding how social and economic changes affect low-income communities and their residents. Based in Cleveland, the Center views the city as both a tool for building communities and producing change locally, and as a representative urban center from which nationally-relevant research and policy implications can be drawn.. | Read More
Coulton, C.J. & Spilsbury, J. (In press). Community and place based understanding of child well-being. In A. Ben-Arieh, I. Frones, F. Casas & J. Korbin (Eds.), Handbook of Child Well-Being, New York/ Heidelberg: Springer.
Fischer, R. L., Vadapalli, D., & Coulton, C.J. (In press). Merge ahead, increase speed: Bringing human services nonprofits together to explore restructuring options.Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly.
Coulton, C.J., Theodos, B., & Turner, M.A.,(in press), Residential mobility and neighborhood change: Real neighborhoods under the microscope. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research.
Spilsbury, J., Korbin, J. E. & Coulton, C.J., (in press). Subjective” and “Objective” Views of Neighborhood Danger & Well-Being: The Importance of Multiple Perspectives and Mixed Methods. Child Indicators Research.
Fischer, R. L., Peterson, L., Bhatta, T. R., & Coulton, C.J. (2013). Getting ready for school: Piloting universal pre-kindergarten in an urban county. Journal of Education for Students Placed At Risk, 18(2), 128-140.
Coulton, C.J., Jennings, M. Z., & Chan, T. (2013). How big is my neighborhood? Individual and contextual effects on perceptions of neighborhood scale. American Journal of Community Psychology, 51(1-2), 140-150.
Coulton, C.J. (2012). Defining neighborhoods for research and policy. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research, 14 (2), 195-200.
Beimers, D., & Coulton, C. J. (2011). Do employment and type of exit influence child maltreatment among families leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families? Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1112–1119.
Coulton, C. J., Chan, T., & Mikelbank, K. (2011). Finding place in community change initiatives: Using GIS to uncover resident perceptions of their neighborhoods. Journal of Community Practice, 19, 10–28.
Crampton, D. S., & Coulton, C. J. (2011). The benefits of life table analysis for describing disproportionality. In D. Green, K. Belanger, R. McRoy, & L. Bullard (Eds.), Challenging racial disproportionality in child welfare: Research, policy and practice (pp. 45–52). Arlington, VA: CWLA Press.
Coulton, C. J., & Fischer, R. L. (2010). Using early childhood wellbeing indicators to influence local policy and services. In S. B. Kammerman, S. Phipps & A. Ben-Arieh (Eds). From child welfare to child well-being: An international perspective on knowledge in the service of making policy (pp. 101–116).New York, NY: Springer.
Coulton, C. J., Hexter, K, Schramm, M., Hirsch, A., & Richter, F. (2010). Facing the foreclosure crisis in Greater Cleveland: What happened and how communities are responding. Cleveland, OH: Cleveland: Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
Coulton, C. J., Schramm, M., & Hirsch, A. (2010). REO and beyond: The aftermath of the foreclosure crisis in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. In REO and vacant properties: Strategies for neighborhood stabilization. Cleveland, OH: A Joint Publication of the Federal Reserve Banks of Boston and Cleveland and the Board of Governors.
Colabanichi, N., Kinesella, A. E., Coulton, C. J., & Moore, S. M. (2009). Utilization and physical activity levels at renovated and unrenovated playgrounds. Preventive Medicine, 48, 140–143.
Coulton, C. J., & Irwin, M. (2009). Parental and community correlates of participation in out-of-school activities among children living in low income neighborhoods. Children & Youth Services Review, 31, 300–308.
Coulton, C. J., Theodos, B., & Turner, M. A. (2009). Residential mobility and neighborhood change: New evidence and implications for community initiatives. Washington, DC.: The Urban Institute.
Lim, Y., Coulton, C. J., & Lalich, N. (2009). State TANF policies and employment outcomes among welfare leavers. Social Service Review, 83, 525–555.
Spilsbury, J., Korbin, J., & Coulton, C. J. (2009). Mapping children’s neighborhood perceptions: Implications for child indicators. Child Indicators Research 2(2), 111–131.
Coulton, C., (January, 2013). Neighborhood metrics and measures: Alternative specifications and tools. Roundtable at the Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research, San Diego, CA.
Coulton, C. (January, 2013). How residents perceive neighborhood scale: An examination of individual and contextual factors Presentation at the Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research, San Diego, CA.
Fischer, R. L., & Coulton, C. J. (November, 2012). Using integrated data to assess and monitor a community initiative on child well-being. Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, IN.
Distinguished University Professor 2012
The following memo was written by Grover Gilmore, the Dean of the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences. Addressed to Case Western Reserve University Provost Bud Baeslack, the memo highlights Claudia Coulton’s accomplishments and the dean’s reasons for nominating her for Distinguished University Professor.
The Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School committee for Distinguished University Professor met recently and unanimously recommended Professor Claudia J. Coulton, Lillian F. Harris Professor of Urban Social Research, for nomination to this award. I fully agree with the committee recommendation and believe that Professor Coulton is extraordinarily deserving of this honor.
Her early research in child welfare, health care and mental health helped define who Dr. Claudia Coulton is today; a leading scholar in the field of urban studies who is well regarded by colleagues and sought out for her expertise locally, nationally and internationally.
Dr. Coulton has been a member of the MSASS faculty for 34 years. She is a stellar academician who possesses a record of outstanding accomplishments. She brings rigor, innovative methods and a multidisciplinary approach to addressing significant issues of concern to the profession and to society. She is also one of the most humble and generous faculty in the academic community. Her colleagues, students and staff are quick to praise her for a leadership style that encourages them to draw on their own knowledge and talents, which has resulted in a superior product and a willingness to work together harmoniously. She has brought academic respect and esteem to the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School and Case Western Reserve University.
In 1988, building on a multidisciplinary approach with affiliated faculty from MSASS, Arts and Sciences and the School of Medicine, Dr. Coulton took on the problems of persistent urban poverty. She founded the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development, one of the most visible elements of Case Western Reserve University. Its auspicious debut coincided with the Center’s selection by the Rockefeller Foundation to be part of its national program on urban research, planning and action. Dr. Coulton quickly emerged as a leader in this group of scholars, researchers and activists.
Indeed, when the Center’s first report on poor neighborhoods was released in 1990, William Julius Wilson presided and heralded it as a model for understanding the complex social and economic processes that characterized the concentrated and persistent poverty of industrial northeast cities.
Today, the Center serves as an active partner in the community development agenda of the region by providing research and analysis that underpins effective action and builds knowledge for the field. A core capacity of the Center, and one that has been replicated across the country, is a regional information data warehouse and web portal that is used by thousands of individuals and organizations to inform community change work. Known as NorthEast Ohio Community and Neighborhood Data for Organizing (NEO CANDO), the data warehouse is an important resource, not only for her own research, but also for other researchers in the university, the region and the nation.
Drawing on her experience with NEO CANDO in Cleveland, Dr. Coulton founded the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, which now has affiliates in more than 35 cities. The Partnership provides tools to these cities to better understand macro-level systemic forces that produce distressed neighborhoods and identify what individuals, organizations and policies can do to reverse these conditions. The support is in the form of technically advanced information solutions to address urban social problems. The idea is that information is power, and with it individuals can increase their ability to improve their communities and participate fully in society. She is now working to expand this network internationally.
The impact of Dr. Coulton’s research cannot be denied. When the Center released a report showing that the poor and disenfranchised in Cleveland’s inner-city were unable to get to available jobs in the outer ring suburbs via public transportation, the Regional Transit Authority adjusted their routes to match the needs of the public.
When the Center began studying the causes and effects of the national foreclosure crisis, Dr. Coulton was called upon to testify before Congress in front of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee on the situation. The hearing also focused on an evaluation of the federal and state attempts to deal with the crisis. She had their collective ear as she called for interventions at every stage of the foreclosure process, from loans to maintaining vacant properties.
After nearly 25 years, the buzz about Dr. Coulton and her work has not died down. In November 2011, the Federal Reserve, through its Board of Governors in Washington, D.C., chose the Poverty Center as one of three places across the country showing “promising stabilization work” in the face of the foreclosure crisis. The FRB created and distributed nationally, a video on the work of the Center.
To quote Dr. Coulton, “There is a significant interdependence between universities and their regions and each will benefit from the success of the other. In particular, one of the most important contributions that a university can make to its region is through the research of its faculty and students. …By using the scientific and technological resources of the university, we contribute to planning, decision making, policy development, mobilization and problem solving. …In this sense, our research that is community relevant is our service.”
As a distinguished author of publications, journal articles, book chapters and policy reports, Dr. Coulton is one of the most cited scholars in the social welfare field. Early in her career she wrote, Social work quality assurance programs: A comparative analysis. (NASW Press, 1979) and was widely recognized for outstanding research on methods to improve the quality of social work services in health and mental health. In recognition of this important perspective she was appointed deputy editor of Medical Care, a health services research journal, and received several awards for her contributions to the field. An article, “Level Factors and Child Maltreatment Rates” in Child Development, has been cited nearly 500 times since appearing in 1995. It describes the relationship between community factors and child maltreatment.
Dr. Coulton is a gifted and caring educator who was honored with the prestigious John Diekhoff Award for Distinguished Graduate Teaching at Case Western Reserve University. During her first year as an assistant professor, she launched a hands-on skill-based, two-semester statistics course for graduate students. It was one of the first on campus to focus on practical data analysis skills using statistical analysis packages and integrated with statistics training for individuals in human service fields. Statistics is not an easy course to teach or one well received by students, but quickly her sections were filled with not only MSASS students, but by Ph.D. students from Schools and Departments across the University.
Before e-mail and Skype, she provided “distance learning” for her PhD. students. If they were based in faraway places such as Africa or Alaska, the lectures were video recorded and mailed each week along with exercises and assignments.
Today, no matter how full her research agenda, she takes on students for academic advising and research supervision at nearly twice the rate of other faculty. She serves as a field supervisor for Master’s students working in the Poverty Center. She is among the first to volunteer to attend MSASS recruitment events and open houses. She enjoys talking with prospective students and their families and she makes quite an impression.
Dr. Coulton is held in the highest esteem by her faculty colleagues. She is the one who takes on any challenge, responds to all requests and perhaps most importantly, can be counted on to get the job done.
Shortly after my appointment as Dean, I challenged our faculty to diversify the School’s funding base to include more federal dollars. Dr. Coulton was then serving as Associate Dean of Research. She took on my challenge and led the charge. Under her leadership, a series of initiatives were put in place designed to strengthen the research culture of the School and enhance the capacity of the faculty to be successful. Over the next five years with Dr. Coulton at the helm, research funding at MSASS increased more than 196 percent from $1,740,000 to $5,145,000. Since that time, with the structure in place, over 44 percent of our faculty research is federally funded.
In addition to lending her support to the research program at MSASS, she has served on the Steering Committee, was the first chair of the Community and Social Development Concentration and chaired the Health Specialization and the Curriculum Committee. She also directed the School’s Ph.D. Program for five years.
When the University calls for her time and talent, Dr. Coulton responds generously, recognizing the importance of contributing to the greater good. She served on the University Presidential Search Committee, the Research Council, the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence Committee, the University Grievance Committee and has served as advisor to interdisciplinary centers such as the Schubert Center and the Center on Aging and Health. She served for over six years as the coordinator for the community research component of the Arthritis Center.
Dr. Coulton’s awards and honors are worthy of note. In 2010 she was an inaugural inductee into the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare, whose fellows are the most distinguished in the field. Just a year later she was selected for the Executive Committee as Treasurer of the Academy. While she has received many awards over the years marking her exceptional contributions to the field, two stand out because they are given by scholarly peers to those whose work they most admire. The first was the Bruel Memorial Prize, awarded annually for the best article in Social Service Review, one of social work’s most important journals. The second was her selection as the Aaron Rosen Endowed Lecturer at the Annual Conference of the Society for Social Work and Research, another highly coveted honor.
In closing, Dr. Coulton has brought to the University table intellectual rigor and a deep sense of commitment to social action. Her innovative methods, multidisciplinary approaches and significant research findings have made a major impact on the lives of individuals and communities on the local, national and international level. In her pursuit of knowledge to influence programs or policies that bear on disadvantaged communities, she has made it possible for Case Western Reserve University to enter into not only neighboring communities but communities throughout the nation. Because of the extraordinary talent of Dr. Coulton, there is no chance of “ivory tower” criticism being associated with Case Western Reserve University. All of this incredible work is being done by Dr. Coulton without ever seeking attention to herself. There is no one at Case Western Reserve University more deserving of the title Distinguished University Professor than Dr. Claudia Coulton.
I have worked with Claudia J. Coulton since 1995 in my capacities as director of the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP), of which Claudia was a founder and Executive Committee member, and as director of our Annie E. Casey Foundation Making Connections research program, of which she has been the lead researcher. I know of no one who matches her in devotion to high standards in scholarship and in devotion to meaningfully improving conditions in low-income neighborhoods.
While I could note a string of outstanding contributions she has made to the literature of social change as well, I will focus on one element of her work: the development and ongoing operation of a system of information about Cleveland’s neighborhoods. The system – NEOCANDO – has been used to effectively address many problems locally, but its impact nationally has been a watershed. Since the early 1990s, many cities around the country (36 now in NNIP alone) have developed neighborhood information systems, much enhancing the quality of local decisions. But NEOCANDO was the first, and all the others are in one way or another modeled after it. In addition to building and aggressively improving the model over time, her writings and other work with NNIP have been fundamental in spreading and advancing this practice more broadly. Major national institutions (e.g., the Federal Reserve system, the National League of Cities) have recognized the importance of these systems in advancing data-driven decision making at the local level. Claudia Coulton deserves the recognition she is now achieving nationally as the founder of this field.
— G. Thomas Kingsley, Senior Fellow, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C.
In the News
Sep 22 2016
“The good news is that the poverty rate both in Cleveland and in our region declined. … Poverty has finally achieved a significant decrease,” said Dr. Claudia Coulton, co-director of the Poverty Center, to cleveland.com in “Cleveland poverty numbers drop sharply” on September 21, 2016. However, this is only a start as many thousands of people are still in poverty and still face extreme difficulties.
According to the article, recently released estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau show the poverty rate for Cleveland to be 34.7% in 2015, sharply down from 39.2% the previous year. While this is a great improvement, Cleveland is still one of the more impoverished areas in Ohio and in the country.
“People can’t imagine what it would be like to live on that,” Coulton said, discussing families living below the poverty line. “The hardest thing poor families face is putting a roof over their head.” She added that public programs only help a fraction of the population in need, serving only about 20% of those who would qualify. And even those with assistance are limited by how long they receive aid or how far it can go each month.
While the overall poverty situation is getting better, there is still a lot of improvement required. Read the full article at cleveland.com and read our other posts on urban poverty.
Dr. Coulton’s observations were also discussed by NBC News in their feature The Heartland: Life and Loss in Steel City and by The Daily of Case Western Reserve University.
Jul 6 2016
“There needs to be much more on the quality of housing and moving up toward better housing opportunities.”
The Atlantic interviewed Dr. Rob Fischer, co-director of the Poverty Center, for “How a House Can Shape a Child’s Future” on the Center’s recent study on the effects housing conditions have on academic performance. The report, Leveraging Integrated Data Systems to Examine the Effect of Housing and Neighborhood Conditions on Kindergarten Readiness – co-authored by Fischer with Claudia Coulton, Francisca Richter, Seok Joo Kim, and Youngmin Cho – compared literacy scores of thousands of Cleveland kindergartners with assessments on their housing. Findings showed a relationship between the amount of time children lived in tax delinquent, foreclosed, and speculator owned housing with kindergarten readiness.
Fischer told The Atlantic he believes the data indicates a need for public policy to look beyond only ending family homelessness and also examine housing conditions. “The discussion also needs to include getting people into better housing, instead of just being satisfied that they have an address.”
Atlantic applauded the scope of the the Poverty Center study which tracked all children entering kindergarten in the city’s public schools. However, Fischer pointed out that obtaining data from Cleveland’s private and charter schools as well as scores from tests beyond literacy would improve understanding the relationship between housing conditions and academic readiness.
One of the worst conditions arising from bad housing can be exposure to lead paint as about 40 percent of Cleveland kindergartners have tested positive for lead poisoning sometime in their lives. Dr. Fischer believes the easiest action cities can take to improve the lives of these children is to limit their exposure to housing with lead paint. Other studies conducted by the Poverty Center and other agencies have repeatedly shown the damage lead poisoning can have the brain development of children. “Together, it is devastating to see their effects,” Fischer said on the serious disadvantages the combination of lead poisoning and bad housing will give in a child’s early life which can continue to create problems further down the road.
Download the Poverty Center’s full report and Briefly Stated on the effects of poor housing. Also read the Center’s latest news on the effects of lead poisoning and early childhood education.
Jun 10 2016
In an analysis conducted for the Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dr. Claudia Coulton’s “Research shows link between joblessness and youth violence” as as part of the Pathways to Peace series on June 9.
Idle youth are defined as those aged 16 t0 19 who are not currently enrolled in school or employed. Dr. Coulton, co-director of the Poverty Center, compared the youth idleness rate with data on youth violence housed in the Center’s NEO CANDO system and found a correlation in many Cleveland neighborhoods and suburbs in Cuyahoga County.
“These things are statistically related,” Coulton said but pointed out the correlation is not equivalent to a conclusion that youth idleness causing youth violence. “This doesn’t mean that all the idle youth are also violent. What it tells us is that communities in which there are a lot of idle youth are also those in which there are a lot of youth violence incidences.
“It doesn’t tell the police to go and arrest the idle youth,” she added. “It just says these are communities where some help is needed in order to address both the youth idleness problem and the youth violence problem.”
“The neighborhoods with high youth violence and idleness could be helped by programs such as summer youth employment and other efforts that keep youth in school and help them to succeed in employment.”
Click here to read the full story. Claudia Coulton and the analysis are also discussed in “More jobs, less youth violence, data and experts say” and “Voices on Fighting Joblessness and Youth Violence” in the Plain Dealer‘s Pathways to Peace series.